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Description of Kahoku City

 
 

1. Location and geographical features

 

The city of Kahoku is located approximately in the center of Ishikawa prefecture and falls 20-25 kilometers north of the prefecture's capital city, Kanazawa.

The Sea of Japan to the west, the town of Hodatsushimizu to the north, the town of Tsubata to the east and the town of Uchinada to the south mark the borders. Geographically from east to west, Kahoku is composed of a mountainous region, a hilly region, a terrace region, a lowland region and a coastal region. In the northern area, Omigawa River flows into the Sea of Japan and in the southern area, Unokegawa River flows into the Kahoku Lagoon as a green, natural environment surrounds the city.

 

2. Area

 

Kahoku, at its longest points from east to west, is about 9 kilometers and from north to south is about 12.9 kilometers, with a total of 64.76 square kilometers.

Agricultural farming makes up 53 percent of private land, 25 percent is forestland and wilderness, and approximately 18 percent is for housing.

 

3. History

 

In ancient times, settlement was formed around Kahoku in the internal region for farming and on the sea frontier for the fishing industry.

In the Edo Period (1603-1868), it was thought to be a strategic stop to connect transportation between the Noto and Kaga areas, as it was a post station with a boating and marine industry. In the Meiji Era (1868-1912), the establishment of textiles soon took place and became an important industry for the area.

The towns of Takamatsu and Unoke were formed with the Great Mergers of the Meiji and Showa (1926-1989) Eras.


 

4.Population and number of households

 

According to the last census taken in the year 2010, there were a total of 34.651 people and 11.084 households in the three towns, which meant an average of 3.13 people per household.

By looking at the population trend of the past 10 years, we hardly see any change in the population but an increase in the number of households. This means that the average number of people per household decreased and the trend toward a nuclear family progressed.

On top of this, we see that the aging population ratio (those over 65 years old) and the youth population (those under 14 years old) ratio have progressed toward a declining birthrate and an increasingly aging population.

 


Changes in Kahoku
’s population
Units: people, households

 

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

Total Population

34.207

34.722

34.670

34.847

34.651

Child Population
(0~14 years old)

17.7%

15.9%

15.7%

15.4%

14.7%

Working-Age Population
(15~64 years old)

67.8%

67.4%

65.4%

63.5%

60.9%

Aging Population
(over 65 years)

14.5%

16.7%

18.8%

21.1%

24.4%

Number of Households

8.642

9.218

9.820

10.536

11.084

Average Number of

People per Household

3.96

3.77

3.53

3.31

3.13

Note: This does not include those people whose ages are unknown.
Source: National Population Census

 

5. Industrial structure

 

In Kahoku, the employment rate in the primary and secondary industries (see table below) is decreasing, and the workforce is seeing a transition to the tertiary industries.

The primary industries, where the workforce is aging, are facing the problem of not having successors. Despite the textiles industry being a main industry in the secondary industries, many of the smaller operations are experiencing difficult times.

Furthermore, in the tertiary industries, total sales of commerce are seeing a decreasing trend, and the expansion of large outlets and the expansion of the living space brings an outflow of customers from local shops.

 

 

The Transition of Industry Employment in the three towns
Unit: people

 

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

Total Number of People Employed

18.530

19.381

18.673

17.958

17.557

Primary Industry

723 (4%)

657 (3%)

491 (3%)

450 (3%)

405 (2%)

Secondary Industry

9,660 (52%)

9,639 (50%)

8,818 (47%)

7.564 (42%)

6.419 (38%)

Tertiary Industry

8.126 (44%)

9.076 (47%)

9.330 (50%)

9.859 (55%)

10.097 (60%)

Unclassifiable types of business are included in the labor force.
Source: Population Census

 

6. Access to Kahoku

 

Kahoku city is about 20-25 kilometers away from Kanazawa, which is about 30 minutes away on the JR Nanao line.

The Noto Seaside Freeway runs north to south as well as National Highway 159, while National Highway 471 connects with Toyama prefecture. With the new Shiroo exit in the Kahoku area being completed in 2004, transportation infrastructure for the area continues to develop.